What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of lots of related illness that all involve cells. Cells are the very small systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not typical grow and spread out really fast. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. With time, they also die. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and don't die when they're expected to.
Cancer cells generally group or clump together to form tumors (say: TOO-mers). A growing growth ends up being a lump of cancer cells that can destroy the typical cells around the growth and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody very sick.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the initial tumor and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new place in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you probably do not understand any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, most likely just one child in that stadium would have cancer.
Medical professionals aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't capture it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the flu are. So do not hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, specifically smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
Discovering Out About Cancer
It can take a while for a doctor to figure out a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling overly tired or sick for a Visit this page while-- normally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically brought on by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician may buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to learn if somebody truly has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has actually spread out to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the doctor will decide the best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is gotten rid of from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is suspected, like the bone marrow. Don't worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be analyzed under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The sooner cancer is discovered and treatment begins, the much better someone's chances are for a full recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends on:
Surgical treatment is the earliest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 individuals with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. During surgical treatment, the physician tries to get as numerous cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might also be eliminated to make sure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is using anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are sometimes taken as a pill, but normally are given through an unique intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through someone's skin, normally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.